Journey of India : Then and Now (1947 – 2015)
Another Independence Day is here and it has been 68 years since we celebrated the first one. India has seen a lot in these years which eventually led to its changing dimension. A mix of good and bad have given India its current characteristics. So, what has changed since 1947 and how far have we come from what we were 68 years ago? An introspective review of India’s evolution after independence is given below.
1. The Ruler
From being ruled by Britishers to being ruled by the United Nations, not much has changed about our slavery towards other countries. Terrorism is another power which is ruling over India today and we still stand helpless while this evil destroys our people. The Ruler has changed, but the Rule is still the same.
2. Shifting Occupational Structure
We were originally an agrarian economy and had cultivable land as our biggest asset. Today, industrialisation has crept into the extent of debates over the Land Bill. Farmers are fighting for their rights over cultivation and working for MNC’s is the new age occupational revolution.
With a meagre population of around 35 crore, India had the lesser burden on its available resources in 1947. In 2015, this number has increased many times to become around 125 crores. This tremendous rise in the population of the country has brought up many evils that are eating the scarce resources of the nation. These evils include poverty, illiteracy, hunger, etc.
In terms of safety, India’s crime rate has risen to a considerable extent. Women safety has become a very important issue for the society because of the increasing attacks on them in several forms. During the time of independence, this was a grave issue while partition was at its peak but the overall condition of crime was a bit low.
Society mostly comprised of the middle class in those times. Today, with the competition and desire of becoming more successful and richer, people have started working more and earning more. The standard of living has risen and so have the demands of the consumers. Society is therefore progressing towards adopting upper middle class as the major sect which is a positive attribute for the country.
The East India Company built a huge network of railways in India for its own use. This mode of transport was the most prevalent in those times. If we look at 2015 and the number of vehicles on the road, it becomes quite surprising to witness a hoard of high-end cars and buses all around. Transport has now become high-tech and easy with the continuous development of railways, roadways, airways and waterways.
The feeling of patriotism was at its peak in 1947. Nationalist movements were spread all over the country. Love and respect for the country were sparkling in the hearts of the people. Independence Day has just become another off-day now. There are very few people who truly celebrate this occasion and respect the sacrifices made by our national heroes.
8. Indo-Pak Rivalry
The Indo-Pak rivalry has gotten a new face in the recent times. Earlier it was just Hindu-Muslim enmity which affected India’s brotherly atmosphere but now terrorist attacks have a whole new agenda behind their destruction in India. The environment has become extremely revengeful. One thing that has not changed is the fight for Kashmir of the two nations and this is not to alter for a long time ahead.
9. Civil Priorities
The priorities of the people have changed in these 68 years. Earlier, the only priority of the people, in general, was to gain freedom and sustain their families with all the happiness in the world. But that was the basic need of every man at that time. With the change in needs, a common man’s priorities has shifted its focus towards money-making and gaining success.
10. The Foreign Craze
The affinity for foreign goods was witnessed around the beginning of the 20th century in India but had declined due to the incoming of the Swadeshi Movement. After 1991 and the globalisation era, the import of foreign goods has risen manifold. This is because of the increasing popularity of foreign goods because of their quality and brand name.
As we celebrate the 68th Independence Day, looking back to what we were and what we have become becomes more important because of the ever-changing dimensions of India and its values. But no matter what, we will still be proud Indians, humbly thanking the sacrifices of the masses for gifting us a beautiful and free ‘today’.