Extremist Groups Of North East India
1. Bodo Security Force
Founded in 1986, this is a group of Bhutan militants who operate from within the Bhutan. There are known camps of the outfit on the indo-Bhutan border, Assam –Arunachal India state border, Daipan and Sardam Jhankar. The outfit was established on the base that the government did not adhere its demand to impose restrictions on further settlement of immigrants within Assam thus owing negligence to the indigenous tribes of the state causing resentment. This is the main reason why the main victims that fall target to it are Muslims from Bangladesh, inhabitants of Nepal etc. This is done as a part of the ethnic cleansing which they consider is important to achieve their goal. The main soured of funding for this outfit is the ransom they get from hold ups and kidnappings and stolen money. There are atleast 400 members of this organisation and some more that can be called when required. Its main attack was on July 23 1994 when it encircled a village in Assam called Bansbari which was a dwelling centre for many Muslim refugees from Bangladesh. They started openly firing at the mob killing atleast 50 and injuring dozens.
This outfit was established by Angami Zapu Phizo in 1946 who started a liberation movement to establish Nagaland as an independent state. They were retaliated by the Indian army leading to its defeat but the organisation still remained intact. The regions where this is currently active are Senapati, Ukhrul and parts of Manipur and Dimapur. Its main involvement was stated in the illegal supply of heroin from Manipur Myanmar border. They had an existing conflict with the Kuki tribe over this heroine which was a source of funding for many terrorist activities resulting in a feud between the two for sometime. Also on June 29, 1993 a convoy of 15thAssam Regiment were assailed killing 28 army personnel. Recently a palpitating incident happened in Manipur on June 4 2015 when again a convoy was ambushed and 18 army soldiers were burned alive and 11 injured. Its source of funding is the money they take out from extortion apart from what they get from heroin trading. It works in two factions, one is NSCN (M) and the other is NSCN (k).Though NSCN has never had a direct confrontation with the Indian army it is still successful in spreading its terror within the states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Assam and Bangladesh.
3. United Liberation Front of Assam
This group was founded in 1979 in the Rang Ghar Pavilion. It is mostly active in the Dibrugrah sector of Assam which is its oil producing region. In 1988 ULFA assassinated Girdharilal Harlalkar , president of Kamrup chamber of commerce which gave it an infamous reputation. Along with NSCN this group was responsible for many bank robberies amounting to rupees 4.2 million in Indian currency. It was also responsible for abductions of people from the rich tea gardens for a ransom of upto 2 million rupees. On August 1, 1995 they ambushed a police party killing 8 policemen. This outfit is headed y Arabinda Rajkhowa while the commander in chief is Paresh Baruah. In 1989, ULFA joined hands with NSCN for training of their cadres. Then in 1990 they made contact to Pakistan where they were called for training by the Mujahedeen. After a long and intensive training under the supervision of ISI they flew back to India where they received a setback from the Indian army. The leaders again flew back to Pakistan where it is said that they were offered heavy arms to retaliate the army but they refused the offer stating that it would disown people’s trust in them. Apart from this ULFA along with NSCN is known for illicit trade of heavy heroin and arms.
Founded in 1978 in the Imphal valley of Manipur where it is certainly most active, this outfit is infamously known for its mini holocaust in which all the Muslims inhabiting the Imphal valley were murdered on 3rd and 4th July of 1994. The leader of the group, Biseswar Singh was captured in 1980 by the Indian after which he joined politics. Since then PLA has had no leader which made them less influential within the valley. This group mainly comprises of Meiteis people who were the native inhabitants of the valley. This group formulated with the rising demands of these Meiteis people to protect their cultural and ethical values, which was endangered by the immigration of the Hindu- Vaishnavites who overcrowded the valley. The current strength of the outfit is known to be 3800 as of 2008. It was the first of its kind to receive training from People’s Liberation Army of China in the eighties. It has also received some additional training from NSCN. It is also a part of Manipur People’s Liberation Front.
5. All Tripura Tiger Force
ATTF was founded on July 11, 1990 by a former group called Tripura National Volunteer under the Leadership of Ranjit Debbarma. ATTF is known to be a part of the Communist party of India (Marxist) which was established with the aim of protecting the interests of the tribal people of the region. The outfit is known to oppose Tripura Upajati Juba Samiti which is an ally of congress and is also known for allegedly attacking the Tripura State Rifles. It is very active in the regions of Chawmanu Gobindabri area. Also ATTF has ties with NSCN and ULFA and is dependent upon them for arms and training. 90% of the people that are a part of ATTF are Hindus and the rest are Christians. The main Objective of this outfit was to tame and purge the number of the Bengali settlers that immigrated after 1956. Apart from this they also aspire to catch hold of and return the lands to the tribal people from the land owners under the “Tripura Land Revenue and Land Reforms Act”.