India owes its independence to the contributions of many, to men and women, who lost their lives in this struggle and left a country that was vulnerable and novice to extraneous and intimate transgressions. At such time, it became essential of our country to elect a new member for our governing body who would not only preside over the democracy but would contribute in its development and prosperity. To state correctly, we needed a leader with conducive and practical approach who would guide India through its nascent years. And there came our very own “chacha Nehru” or to state correctly Mr Jawaharlal Nehru. Though some people have speculation that he was an improper choice but here are some points which will prove that he was a right choice for India’s first prime minister.
1. Master of Diplomacy
With his impeccable sense of conviction and prolific manner of handling problems, there was nothing that could stand before him when it came to making decisions. He fostered the growth of India on a global platform. Protecting the integrity of the country at the same time amending relations with pioneers like USA, UK, Soviet Union were something’s he could do with the back of his hand. Not to forget it was he along with Sardar Vallabhai Patel who integrated the Princely states which were on the verge of seceding the nation to form independent countries after independence. Though many anticipated that India would not sustain as an independent democracy for long but it was due to his efforts that India established, grew and prospered as world’s largest democracy.
2. Establishment of premier institutes of education like IITs etc.
Mr Nehru laid the foundation of premium institutes for education and development of the youth of the country namely IITs, IIMs and AIIMS. He realised that the only path for the growth and development of our country was educating its masses. He knew that if we were to establish ourselves before the world as a strong and challenging competitor we must first strengthen ourselves from within. At the time of independence, India was known to the world as the country of snake charmers and poor masses.This was a strong challenge for any governing body to rule out India’s image as a poverty stricken country and uplift its society without vexing with its sole foundation – democracy. Mr Nehru not only succeeded in achieving this goal but also gave its youth a mean to contribute in the development of one’s nation.
3. Modern and cognitive approach
During the elections for the Prime minister of the country most people were baffled as to whom they should choose out of Sardar Vallabhai Patel and Jawaharlal Nehru. It was only after Gandhiji opted Mr Nehru for the entitlement that they reached a conclusion. The only reason for this was Patel was considered rather “too orthodox” whereas Nehru was more modern and cognitive when it came to representing India on a global platform. He had an extremely fluent conversational skill along with an exuberant personality. Also, Gandhi had a proclivity towards Nehru in matters of administrative affairs because he believed that he and Patel were old enough but Nehru was more close to the upcoming generation. Not only this by 1950 both Patel and Gandhi expired leaving behind the only person who could have handled this position better than them – Nehru.
4. Hindu Code bill
These bills were drafted in the 1950s by the Indian National Congress under Nehru completely changed the state of affairs within the country. Bills such as Hindu Marriage act, Hindu Succession act, Hindu Minority act etc. under Uniform Civil Code aimed at gender equality along with the upliftment of the weaker sections of the society. Before that, a lot of discrimination was done on the basis of cast, creed, religion or sex but these bills aimed at social progress and modernization. These were met with a lot of opposition and resistance because Hindus believed that these reforms will thwart their cultural identity, but still they were brought into existence which was landmarked as a legal achievement especially for women and members of weaker sections.
5. Containment of military interference in administrative services
Another result of Nehru’s administration was limiting military interference. Unlike this move was looked with speculation at first but it proved fruitful in the longer run. Unlike other countries like Pakistan where ambitious generals have tamed the administrative services with their influence and overruled the very foundation of democracy- fundamental rights, this move contained military within the boundaries of their duties to the country. This prevented any kind of internal conflict and helped grow us as a democracy better.
Though always surrounded by Hindu nationalists, Nehru never disrespected any religion or community. He always believed in the unity of hearts and not in drawing boundaries on the basis of caste or religion. He was a person trusted by members of all religions, loved by members of all communities and respected by people of all societies. The main conjecture at that time among Muslims was that the decisions taken by the government were not in their favour and social benefit but Nehru ruled out this too and preserved the idea of a secular country which was reflected in his actions and decisions.
7. Unfathomable love for children
The main reason for the popularity of Nehru amongst children as “chacha Nehru “was his indiscriminate and unfading love for children. It is not a matter of chance that Children’s day is celebrated on his birthday. History is filled with many instances where Nehru has shown his unprecedented love for children be it stopping his parade to buy balloons for children or be it pacifying a lonely weeping baby. Whenever with them, he would be more like a friend than a politician. He would swirl around them, play with them, dance with them, throw roses and jasmines at them singing songs. Thus, we can only conclude that he was not only a remarkable politician but also a remarkable friend.